Below you will find a list of references we used while compiling our data.

1. Siegel JD, Rhinehart E, Jackson M, Chiarello L, and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC), 2007 Guideline for Isolation Precautions: Preventing Transmission of Infectious Agents in Healthcare Settings, June 2007.
2. Garner JS. Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. Guideline for Isolation Precautions in Hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1996:17:53-80.
3. OSHA. (Lack of) Universal Precautions. Accessed September 6, 2007.
4. APIC. Guideline for Infection Prevention and Control in Flexible Endoscopy. AM J Infection Control. 2000:(28); 138-55.
5. AORN. Recommended Practices For Cleaning Endoscopes and Endoscope Accessories" AORN Journal. February 2003.
6. American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE). Infection Control During Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: Guidelines for Clinical Application. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. 1999. (49)836-841
7. Siegel JD, Rhinehart E, Jackson M, Chiarello L, and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC), Management of Multidrug-Resistant Organisms In Healthcare Settings, 2006. http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dhqp/pdf/ar/mdroGuideline2006.pdf
. 8. CDC. Recommendations for Preventing the Spread of Vancomycin Resistance: Recommendations of the Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). MMWR 1995; 44(No. RR-12); 1-14.
9. Boyce JM, Havill NL, Benedicte M. Frequency and Possible Infection Control Implications of Gastrointestinal Colonization with Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. Dec. 2005: (43); 5992-5995.
10. Mylonakis E, Go CH, Cuhna BA. Escherichia Coli Infections. Emedicine May 26, 2006. http://www.emedicine.com/med/topic734.htm. Accessed September 17, 2007.
11. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Guidelines for Environmental Infection Control in Healthcare Facilities: Recommendations of the CDC and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). MMWR 2003;52(No. RR-10); 1-48.
12. Sehulster LM, Chinn RYW, Arduino MJ, et. al. Guidelines for Environmental Infection Control in Health Care Facilities: Recommendations from CDC and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). Chicago, IL; American Society for Healthcare Engineering/American Hospital Association; 2004.
13. JCAHO. 2007 Hospital/Critical Access Hospital National Patient Safety Goals. http://www.jointcommission.org/PatientSafety/NationalPatientSafetyGoals. Accessed September 2007.
14. Sanaka MR, Shah N, Mullen KD, et al. Afternoon Colonoscopies Have Higher Failure Rates than Morning Colonoscopies. Amer Journal of Gastroenterology. December 2006: (101); 2726-2730.
15. Data on File. Vortek Surgical, LLC. Indianapolis, IN.
16. Fordtran JS. Colitis due to Clostridium difficile toxins: underdiagnosed, highly virulent, and nosocomial. Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent). January 2006; 19(1): 3-12.
17. Phend C. Proton Pump Inhibitors Linked Anew to C. Difficile-Associated Disease. CMAJ 2006; 175:745-748.
18. Yearsley KA, Gilby LJ, Ramadas AV, et al. Proton pump inhibitor therapy is a risk factor for Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea. Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 2006; 24(4):613-619.
19. CDC (2005). Severe Clostridium difficile-Associated Disease in Populations Previously at Low Risk-Four States, 2005. MMWR 54(47); 1201-1205.
20. Nurse.com. Hospital C. diff Infections Nearly Triple. June 4, 2007. www.nurse.com. Accessed September 2007.
21. www.greenhosp.org/pe_pdf/genmed_vre.pdf. Accessed September 6, 2007.
22. NNIS (2003). Am J Infect Control. (31); 481-498.
23. Poore R. E. Coli Infections. WebMD: June 27, 2006. http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/E-coli-infection-topic-overview. Accessed September 10, 2007.
24. Kyne L, Hamel MB, Polavaram R. et al. Health Care Costs and Mortality Associated with Nosocomial Diarrhea Due to Clostridium difficile. CID 2002;34:346-353.
25. Suda KJ. Et al. Abstr Intersci Conf. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 43. 2003: abstract no. K-734.